- Dipping cup
- bain marie
- Wick - multipurpose
- Stanley knife
Preparation dipping candles (table candles)
Table candles are dipped to achieve the desired thickness layer by layer.
This form of candle making cannot be poured, but it can be pressed like the cheaper dinner candles.
1. Melt the wax in the melting kettle and heat the paraffin between 70 - 73 °C.
It is ideal to maintain 71°C between all layers during dipping.
Add 10% stearin after the paraffin has completely melted.
- The right temperature of the wax is essential to get a good bond between all layers.
- Be careful with the fire: never let wax melt directly in the pan.
- Add the desired color (standard quality) to the molten paraffin.
Always stir well
Fill the dipping cup with the prepared paraffin to a few cm below the rim.
- Measure carefully: 2 g of dye for 1 kg of wax (color test: pour a little liquid wax into a bowl of cold water).
- Too much coloring powder can reduce the burning quality of your candles.
- The colors can be mixed with each other.
- Have you used our colored paraffin yet? The controlled composition of paraffin, stearin, dye and fragrance provides certainty of using the correct composition.
- Determine the diameter of the candle and choose the right wick. Most commonly used wick, 3x6 to a standard
dinner candle with a length of 28 cm and a diameter of 2.3 cm.
Two examples for dipping the wick(s).
Make more than two table candles
Preparing the immersion heater:
- Reduce the distance between the top & bottom wheel of the immersion heater, after the blade has been placed the same blade can be tensioned
- Tie the wick to the lower wheel of the immersion heater. Slide the blade over the top wheel and back to the bottom wheel.
Repeat this operation according to the number of candles you wish to make.
- Fit the wick straight and tight to the immersion heater
Make two table candles
- Stable the dipping cup
- Fill the dipping cup to a few cm from the rim
- Fold the wick (3x6) in half and tie a knot in the middle of the wick
- Take the wick by the knot.
- Keep the seeds apart by, for example, tying a long nail at the bottom of the seeds.
- 4. Dip the wick into the liquid wax to about 1.5 cm below the top wheel.
The first time, dip the wick for about 30 seconds. so that the fibers are completely soaked in wax.
Allow the plunger to hang over the dip cup for one minute.
The candle must cool down (to about 35 °C) between each dip.
Temperature test: hold the candle to your cheek. If you don't feel a difference in temperature, you can submerge the candle again.
It is important to keep a steady pace:
- quick dip
- wait a second in the liquid paraffin
- fast exit
- drain - cool during one minute
- fast dipping, etc.
If there has been an interruption during the dip, at the next dip again approx. 5 sec. dip.
As a final dip, you can hang the table candles in heated paraffin at 82°C for 5 seconds to get a smooth finish.
Unlike beeswax candles, paraffin and paraffin/stearin candles can be cooled in cold water.
Water bath (approximately 20 °C) instead of air curing. However, it is important to dry the candles with a cotton cloth after the water bath.
Tip: It takes about 15 to 30 dips for a standard table candle.
Sizes of the standard dinner candle: length 28cm x dia. 2.3cm
6. When the candle has reached the desired diameter, cut off the wax that is at the bottom of the candle
while the candle(s) is still hot. Then roll the bottom (edge) of the candle at a 45° angle while applying light pressure,
After this, press the candle on the work surface until it stands upright.
Table candles can also be adjusted with the melting holder.
Tip: Let the dipping candles harden for a few hours. If the candles have not hardened, they will melt when you remove them from the immersion heater
warp due to the shrinkage of the paraffin.
- Cover the work surface and wear an apron!
- Check the temperature of the wax with a thermometer.
- Pour candles only in the presence of adults.
- Due to the risk of injury, the candle should still be hot to the center when cut.
- Before finishing (trimming) candles, cooled candles should be dipped into the hot wax.
- Never heat the wax directly in a pan or over an open fire.
- Washing vapor is flammable at 180 °C.
- Never move away from burning candles.
- Place candles on a fireproof surface. (see our safety regulations )
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